This report delves into various aspects that give rise to tenuous industrial relationships fraught with mistrust on all sides.
Lack of accountability mechanisms within the trade union structure including the relative weakness of enterprise level unions in terms of negotiations, lack of grievance handling mechanisms in industrial settings and weak labor institutions created by the government, all contribute to the intense and antagonistic nature of industrial relations in Nepal.
Policy alternatives tried and tested by other countries with similar backgrounds have also been briefly explored in the paper.
While broader labor reform may be on the agenda, this paper also highlights marginal changes that may be more palatable given the current state of the political economy of Nepal.
It is also published in Nepali.